Functional Threefoldness

in the Human Organism and Human Society

by Johannes Rohen
Adonis Press, 2011
156 pages; paperback; $15
ISBN 978-0-932776-42-6


After decades of meditating on the human organism leading up to his major work Functional Morphology, renowned anatomist Johannes Rohen applies his functional approach to the study of social life. The result is a holistic yet highly differentiated view of human society as a dynamic organism.

Rohen shows that the same functional principle of threefoldness that informs the human organism on all of its levels is also inherent in human society – and in more subtle ways than have been previously described. He points out that each of the three main aspects of society – cultural, political and economic – has a threefold structure of its own. His insights suggest that the dynamic principle of threefoldness provides a key to understanding social life on ever deeper, more comprehensive levels.

Rohen’s systematic application of organic thinking to social life is spiced by his often passionate critique of current social forms and practices. His views are original and refreshing.


Foreword to the English edition
The Threefold Organization of Life-Processes in the Human Organism
The Structure of the Social Organism
The Governmental and Legal System
The Structure of the Cultural-Educational System
The Structure of the Economic System
Threefold Functional Organization in the Social and the Human Organism – a Comparison
The Legal-Political Sphere in relation to the Rhythmic System
Blood Circulation and the Nature of Money Aberrations
Outline of a Social Order based upon Three Independent Systems, Organized According to their Inherent Functions
What Can We Do?